Barely Surviving or More than Enough?
The environmental archaeology of subsistence, specialisation and surplus food production
Imprint: Sidestone Press
Environmental archaeology often studies the direct remains of food or food processing, and is therefore well-suited to address this topic. What is more, a wealth of new data has become available in this field of research in recent years. This allows synthesising research with a regional and diachronic approach.
Indeed, most of the papers in this volume offer studies on subsistence and surplus production with a wide geographical perspective. The research areas vary considerably, ranging from the American Mid-South to Turkey. The range in time periods is just as wide, from c. 7000 BC to the 16th century AD. Topics covered include foraging strategies, the combination of domestic and wild food resources in the Neolithic, water supply, crop specialisation, the effect of the Roman occupation on animal husbandry, town-country relationships and the monastic economy. With this collection of papers and the theoretical framework presented in the introductory chapter, we wish to demonstrate that the topic of subsistence and surplus production remains of interest, and promises to generate more exciting research in the future.
The role of gathering in Middle Archaic social complexity in the Mid-South: a diachronic perspective – Stephen B. Carmody and Kandace D. Hollenbach
Rethinking Neolithic subsistence at the gateway to Europe with new archaeozoological evidence from Istanbul – Canan Çakırlar
Agricultural production between the 6th and the 3rd millennium cal BC in the central part of the Valencia region (Spain) – Guillem Pérez Jordà and Leonor Peña-Chocarro
From subsistence to market exchange: the development of an agricultural economy in 1st-millennium-BC Southeast Italy – Daphne Lentjes
Three systems of agrarian exploitation in the Valencian region of Spain (400–300 BC) – Mª Pilar Iborra Eres and Guillem Pérez Jordà
The well in the settlement: a water source for humans and livestock, studied through insect remains from Southeast Sweden – Magnus Hellqvist
The Late Iron Age-Roman transformation from subsistence to surplus production in animal husbandry in the Central and Western parts of the Netherlands – Joyce van Dijk and Maaike Groot
Tracing changes in animal husbandry in Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean) from the Iron Age to the Roman Period – Alejandro Valenzuela, Josep Antoni Alcover, Miguel Ángel Cau
Food production and exchanges in the Roman civitas Tungrorum – Fabienne Pigière and Annick Lepot
Entrepreneurs and traditional farmers: the effects of an emerging market in Middle Saxon England – Matilda Holmes
Scant evidence of great surplus: research at the rural Cistercian monastery of Holme Cultram, Northwest England – Don O’Meara