Rethinking Neolithic Societies
New Perspectives on Social Relations, Political Organization and CohabitationSeries:
Imprint: Sidestone Press
The aim of this volume is therefore to rethink former top-down concepts of Neolithic societies by studying social practices and different forms of Neolithic social life by adopting bottom-up social archaeological perspectives. Furthermore, the validity and relevance of terms like ‘society’, ‘community’, ‘social group’ etc. will be discussed. The contributions reach from theoretical to empirical ones and thematize a variety of social theoretical approaches as well as methodological ways of combining different sorts of data. They show the potential of such bottom-up approaches to infer models of social practices and configurations which may live up to the potential social diversity and dynamism of Neolithic societies. The contribution shed light on spatial mobility, social complexity, the importance of (political) interests and factors of kinship etc. We hope that this volume, with its focus on the Neolithic of Europe, will contribute to the ongoing critical debates of theories and concepts as well as on our premises and perspectives on Neolithic societies in general – and the practices of social archaeology as such.
Towards bottom-up approaches in social archaeological Neolithic research
Maria Wunderlich, Caroline Heitz, Martin Hinz, Martin Furholt
II. Conceptual and methodological approaches to forms of social organization
Anarchy: Anthropological reflections on an unruly concept
Negotiating power in Neolithic communities – The politics of cohabitation
From ‘communities of practice’ to ‘translocal communities’. A practice-theoretical approach to mobility and socio-spatial configurations of Neolithic groups.
Ethnoarchaeology and agent-based simulation modelling as bottom-up approaches: Perspectives for archaeological research
Maria Wunderlich/Julian Laabs
III. Material dimensions of social organization
The world in a village? Regional and supra-regional transmission of pottery-making practices in south-western Germany in the early third millennium BC
Tracing the evidence of Neolithic social groups’ mobility according to the ornamentation on ceramics from the Lysa Hora burial site
Lausanne-Vidy: From Single to Social?
Katharina V. M. Jungnickel
Perversion of the Pareto Principle: Using a bottom-up approach to study burial practices in the Late Neolithic Carpathian Basin
IV. Scales and forms of social organization
Setting the ground for a village – communal organisation and space of the Early Neolithic site of Altscherbitz (Germany)
Isabel A. Hohle
Same but different: cross-regional cultural entanglement during the first half of the third millennium BC – a view from Franconia
How wide are social frames of cultural diversity and mutual cultural influences?
Aleksandr Diachenko/Iwona Sobkowiak-Tabaka
V. Afterthoughts, Reflections and Outlook
Purging our approach to Neolithic societies: a critical review of the terms, analytical categories and cultural concepts applied in research
Abandoning Neolithic societies – A practice-based approach
Theory versus data. Dealing with the interpretive dilemma in the biomolecular era
Maxime N. Brami